Introducing a New General Service List

Reading Time: 5 minutesThis study proposes a New General Service List, compiled on the basis of four language corpora including a total of over 12 billion running words. ‘The New GSL is conceived of as a list of the most frequent English vocabulary [in British English] suitable for both receptive and productive use, primarily intended for beginner learners.’

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Affordances and learning opportunities in lesson plan templates

Reading Time: 4 minutesThis article argues that the lesson plan templates most commonly promoted on teacher training programmes are inappropriately premised on an outcomes-based approach to teaching, and instead proposes an affordance-based approach to planning, giving practical suggestions for modifying the template and its role in lesson observations.

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Shadowing in ELT: Who benefits and how?

Reading Time: 4 minutesThis study confirms common claims about the benefits of shadowing for improving English learners’ listening skills, namely that shadowing enhances learners’ phoneme perception, thus improving listening comprehension skills, and that shadowing is most effective with lower-proficiency learners.

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